Apollo Parnassius apollo
Europe’s most iconic butterfly. It belongs to the swallowtail family and is an emblematic mountain species associated with alpine meadows and rocky slopes, mainly in central and southern parts of Europe. It’s also an endangered species and has been in decline for some time due to various reasons including, long-term climatic changes, habitat succession, over-collecting and progressive industrialisation. However, habitat loss is undoubtedly the biggest threat to its long-term survival. It has many subspecies and is single-brooded, with adults on the wing from May through to September in some locations. Eggs overwinter and hatch in spring. The larvae feed on stonecrop (Sedum species).
Hairy Dragonfly Brachytron pratense
An attractive, monotypic species and the smallest of the hawker dragonflies found in the UK. It is the earliest of the larger dragonflies to emerge. Adults usually appear during May but are more commonly seen towards the latter part of the month. It is an attractive insect, the males when mature have blue pear-shaped markings on the dorsal surface of the abdomen in the female they are yellow. The thorax is also covered in fine hairs with conspicuous greenish-coloured ante-humeral stripes, unlike other hawkers. It has a preference for well-vegetated waterbodies, in particular fens, ditches, and canals. It also occurs in some bogland habitats. The Hairy Dragonfly is a sun-loving species retreating into the vegetation when overcast conditions prevail. Larval development takes two years and adults have a relatively short flight period from Mid-May until mid-July. Adults are by nature wary and are easily spooked.
Cleopatra Gonepteryx cleopatra
The Cleopatra is a medium-sized butterfly that occurs throughout the Mediterranean and southern Europe including, North Africa and Anatolia. The species is sexually dimorphic; the female having pale yellow or greenish-coloured wings. The male is a darker yellow with a conspicuous orange patch on the forewing which is much more noticeable in flight. Another characteristic is the distinctive apical hook on the wings and the dark-coloured dot on the upper surface of each wing. Adults naturally rest with their wings fully closed. It's an attractive species that inhabits the open areas of woodland and light scrub. Its flight period is usually from May to August throughout most of its range, but in Spain, it is double brooded and hibernates during the winter months as an adult among the trees and shrubs.
FEATURED SPECIES OF THE MONTH (April)
European Fire Salamander Salamandrar Salamandra The European Fire Salamander is a species of amphibian found across central Europe. Their conspicuous markings of yellow spots or stripes make them easily recognisable and one of the most photographed amphibians. It has a preference for deciduous woodland habitats, especially in upland areas preferring to remain inconspicuous during the daytime. They concealing themselves among fallen leaves, underneath mossy logs, fallen tree trunks, and branches. Salamanders are generally active in the early evening and at night, but during heavy rainfall, they are often seen during the daytime. They require small streams, brooks, and ponds for the development of the larvae. Their diet consists mainly of insects, slugs and earthworms, etc.
FEATURED SPECIES OF THE MONTH
Rhodinia verecunda Taiwanese Squeaking Silkmoth Saturniidae or Silkmoths as they are frequently known belong to a supper group of giant moths in the family Lepidoptera. They are by nature colourful, with some species having wingspans in excess of 16cm. There are approximately around 1,400 species worldwide. Most occur in the Tropical and Subtropical regions of the world. They do not feed in the adult stage and rely on the food reserves built up during larval development. Rhodinia verecunda a beautiful species found mainly in Taiwan in Taraoko National Park, but it has also been seen in Guangdong Province in China. Rhodina are a group of moths that fly mainly in the autumn and their colouration reflects this time of the year. It is a species that is seldom photographed but is one of the most attractive species in the Rhodina family.
Tulip Tuplia species